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Cara Install Dan Konfigurasi Owncloud Di Ubuntu 16.04 Server



Mungkin anda sudah tidak abnormal lagi perihal penyimpanan awan (cloud) menyerupai Dropbox. google drive atau cloud server yang lain. Nah di linux ada sebuah layanan cloud yang bisa kita pasang di sebuah server linux namanya OwnCloud. OwnCloud OwnCloud ialah merupakan salah satu Content Management System (CMS) sumber terbuka (open source) yang dikhususkan untuk menciptakan layanan Cloud Storage yang bisa gunakan untuk keperluan pribadi, organisasi, forum perusahaan dll.

OwnCloud bisa di gunakan untuk menyimpan file, folder, audio, video dan jenis dokumen yang lain. File yang tersimpan sanggup di saluran dengan aneka macam macam perangkat mobile menyerupai iOS dan Android, perangkat desktop atau melalui halaman web browser. OwnCloud mempunyai media penyimpanan yang tidak terbatas tergantung kemampuan hardisk server.

OwnCloud mempunyai akomodasi edit dan preview untuk jenis file PDF, Word, Open Document, Text File dan jenis-jenis file lainnya, sudah ter intregrasi anti virus memakai control sharing dengan password atau tanpa password.


Berikut langkah instalasinya

1. Install apache2


apt install apache2

2. Selesai install apache2 kita disable directory listing

sed -i "s/Options Indexes FollowSymLinks/Options FollowSymLinks/" /etc/apache2/apache2.conf

3. Enable apache2 service

systemctl stop apache2.service systemctl start apache2.service systemctl enable apache2.service

4. Install MariaDB

apt-get install mariadb-server mariadb-client

5. Jalankan service MariaDB

apt-get install mariadb-server mariadb-client


6. Jalankan service MariaDB

systemctl stop mysql.service systemctl start mysql.service systemctl enable mysql.service

7. Jalankan perintah secure MariaDB untuk keamanan

mysql_secure_installation

When prompted, answer the questions below by following the guide.

Enter current password for root (enter for none): Just press the Enter
Set root password? [Y/n]: Y
New password: Enter password
Re-enter new password: Repeat password
Remove anonymous users? [Y/n]: Y
Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n]: Y
Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n]:  Y
Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n]:  Y

8. Restart MariaDB

systemctl restart mysql.service

9. Install PHP 7.1

apt install php7.1 libapache2-mod-php7.1 php7.1-common libapache2-mod-php7.1 php7.1-mbstring php7.1-xmlrpc php7.1-soap php7.1-apcu php7.1-smbclient php7.1-ldap php7.1-redis php7.1-gd php7.1-xml php7.1-intl php7.1-json php7.1-imagick php7.1-mysql php7.1-cli php7.1-mcrypt php7.1-ldap php7.1-zip php7.1-curl

10. Edit File apache2 php.ini

nano /etc/php/7.1/apache2/php.ini

file_uploads = On allow_url_fopen = On memory_limit = 256M upload_max_file_size = 64M max_execution_time = 360 date.timezone = America/Chicago

11. Membuat Database untuk OwnCloud

sudo mysql -u root -p
CREATE DATABASE owncloud;
CREATE USER 'ownclouduser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'new_password_here';
GRANT ALL ON owncloud.* TO 'ownclouduser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'user_password_here' WITH GRANT OPTION;
FLUSH PRIVILEGES; EXIT;

12. Download OwnCloud

cd /tmp && wget https://download.owncloud.org/community/owncloud-10.0.3.zip unzip owncloud-10.0.3.zip sudo mv owncloud /var/www/html/owncloud/
sudo chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/html/owncloud/ sudo chmod -R 755 /var/www/html/owncloud/

13. Konfigurasi Apache2

nano /etc/apache2/sites-available/owncloud.conf
<VirtualHost *:80>      ServerAdmin admin@example.com      DocumentRoot /var/www/html/owncloud/      ServerName example.com      ServerAlias www.example.com         Alias /owncloud "/var/www/html/owncloud/"       <Directory /var/www/html/owncloud/>         Options +FollowSymlinks         AllowOverride All         Require all granted           <IfModule mod_dav.c>             Dav off           </IfModule>         SetEnv HOME /var/www/html/owncloud         SetEnv HTTP_HOME /var/www/html/owncloud      </Directory>       ErrorLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/error.log      CustomLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/access.log combined  </VirtualHost>

14. aktifkan Module OwnCloud

a2ensite owncloud.conf a2enmod rewrite a2enmod headers a2enmod env a2enmod dir a2enmod mime


15. Restart Apache2

systemctl restart apache2.service

16. Konfigurasi enkripsi SSL

apt-get install python-certbot-apache
certbot --apache -m admin@example.com -d example.com -d www.example.com
Please read the Terms of Service at https://letsencrypt.org/documents/LE-SA-v1.2-November-15-2017.pdf. You must agree in order to register with the ACME server at https://acme-v01.api.letsencrypt.org/directory ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- (A)gree/(C)ancel: A
Would you be willing to share your email address with the Electronic Frontier Foundation, a founding partner of the Let's Encrypt project and the non-profit organization that develops Certbot? We'd like to send you email about EFF and our work to encrypt the web, protect its users and defend digital rights. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- (Y)es/(N)o: Y
Please choose whether or not to redirect HTTP traffic to HTTPS, removing HTTP access. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1: No redirect - Make no further changes to the webserver configuration. 2: Redirect - Make all requests redirect to secure HTTPS access. Choose this for new sites, or if you're confident your site works on HTTPS. You can undo this change by editing your web server's configuration. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Select the appropriate number [1-2] then [enter] (press 'c' to cancel): 2
Congratulations! You have successfully enabled https://example.com and https://www.example.com  You should test your configuration at: https://www.ssllabs.com/ssltest/analyze.html?d=example.com https://www.ssllabs.com/ssltest/analyze.html?d=www.example.com -------------------------------------------------------------------------------  IMPORTANT NOTES:  - Congratulations! Your certificate and chain have been saved at:    /etc/letsencrypt/live/example.com/fullchain.pem    Your key file has been saved at:    /etc/letsencrypt/live/example.com/privkey.pem    Your cert will expire on 2018-02-24. To obtain a new or tweaked    version of this certificate in the future, simply run certbot again    with the "certonly" option. To non-interactively renew *all* of    your certificates, run "certbot renew"  - If you like Certbot, please consider supporting our work by:     Donating to ISRG / Let's Encrypt:   https://letsencrypt.org/donate    Donating to EFF:                    https://eff.org/donate-le

17.Tambahkan konfigurasi SSl di VirtualHost

<VirtualHost *:80>      ServerAdmin admin@example.com      DocumentRoot /var/www/html/owncloud/      ServerName example.com      ServerAlias www.example.com         Alias /owncloud "/var/www/html/owncloud/"       <Directory /var/www/html/owncloud/>         Options +FollowSymlinks         AllowOverride All         Require all granted           <IfModule mod_dav.c>             Dav off           </IfModule>         SetEnv HOME /var/www/html/owncloud         SetEnv HTTP_HOME /var/www/html/owncloud      </Directory>       ErrorLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/error.log      CustomLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/access.log combined  RewriteEngine on RewriteCond %{SERVER_NAME} =example.com [OR] RewriteCond %{SERVER_NAME} =www.example.com RewriteRule ^ https://%{SERVER_NAME}%{REQUEST_URI} [END,NE,R=permanent]  </VirtualHost>

18. Edit File /etc/apache2/sites-available/owncloud-le-ssl.conf

<IfModule mod_ssl.c> <VirtualHost *:80>      ServerAdmin admin@example.com      DocumentRoot /var/www/html/owncloud/      ServerName example.com      ServerAlias www.example.com         Alias /owncloud "/var/www/html/owncloud/"       <Directory /var/www/html/owncloud/>         Options +FollowSymlinks         AllowOverride All         Require all granted           <IfModule mod_dav.c>             Dav off           </IfModule>         SetEnv HOME /var/www/html/owncloud         SetEnv HTTP_HOME /var/www/html/owncloud      </Directory>       ErrorLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/error.log      CustomLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/access.log combined  SSLCertificateFile /etc/letsencrypt/live/example.com/fullchain.pem SSLCertificateKeyFile /etc/letsencrypt/live/example.com/privkey.pem Include /etc/letsencrypt/options-ssl-apache.conf  </VirtualHost> </IfModule>

19. Restart Apache2

systemctl restart apache2.service

20. Buka Web Browser https://namadomain.com


21. Klik Finish Setup


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